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The Story Of The Fall Of Man

11153727453?profile=RESIZE_710xThe moment Adam and Eve disobeyed God, they fell into sin. That fall created a sinful nature for the entire human race. A nature that drives humans to rebel against God. The Lord issued two curses. Click on the link below to see where they landed and how they affect us today. #BibleStudy #Devotions #Evangelism #Genesis


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Trinity Plus One

Greetings in The Mighty Name of Jesus, The Christ!!!


 Trinity Plus One


 Brothers and Sisters too many of you Believe and have Confessed that The Father, Jesus and The Holy Spirit are One Entity, but this is incorrect. There is The Father who started Life while Jesus was present and The Holy Spirit did the work. The reason of this message is to Understand that what we Believe and Say may not be correct.


Genesis 1:1 KJV

“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth."


When we use the word God it is in the Plural, meaning we are addressing all three at one time. In this you are not speaking to The Father or Jesus or The Holy Spirit as independent of each other, but combining them as One. We know by Scripture that there are Three Independent Individuals, they are The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit making the Dynamics of God.


Too many think that when they Pray to The Lord, that it also includes The Father and The Holy Spirit, but we know that this is incorrect. When we Pay to The Lord it is to Jesus whom has become Our Lord over our Lives.


John 14:6 KJV

“Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me."


I am sorry to disappoint, but, we cannot even approach The Father, we Must go through Jesus. The Father has turned everything over to His Son Jesus except one thing… Jesus cannot come back until The Father tells Him that He Can.


Matthew 24:36 KJV

“But of that day and hour knoweth no [man], no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only."


John 16:28 KJV

“I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father."


If The Father and Jesus where the Same Person then WHY does Jesus say that only The Father knows when His Return will be? WHY does Jesus say that when He Ascended into Heaven that He was go back to The Father? WHY when Jesus was Baptized did The Father Audibly saying This Is MY Son?


Matthew 3:16-17 KJV

"16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: 17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."


In this One Instant we see Trinity, we hear The Father speaking, we see The Holy Spirit Descending and we see Jesus being the focal point.

We need to have this Understanding, that Yes, The Father, Jesus and The Holy Spirit are One in this matter, They all three Agree In One Accord. To further this Understanding why would Jesus say that He ONLY did What He SEEN His Father Do…


John 5:19 KJV

“Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise."


John 5:30 KJV

“I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me."


Jesus made a Distinction between Himself and The Father. Else, God is crazy! With some of you who Believe that Jesus and The Father are the same person would be insane, in all the Scriptures thus far, it would mean that Jesus was a lunatic, looking at Himself to what He says and does? That Jesus came from Himself and will return back to Himself?


NO God is Not Crazy, nor is Jesus Our Lord a lunatic!!!


Now for The Holy Spirit, whom is a part of Godhead. Jesus made the Distinction between The Holy Spirit and Himself.


John 5:19 KJV

“Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise."


Jesus, asked The Father to send The Holy Spirit, again Trinity is proven having Distinct Identities, one from the other. Furthermore, The Holy Spirit will Not Speak of Himself, but only those things that Pertain To Jesus.


John 16:13-15 KJV

"13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, [that] shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. 14 He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you. 15 All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you."


The Holy Spirit Distributes Power and Authority to do The Works Of Jesus and The Father. For all the Gifts, All of the Anointing, All of the Works are through The Holy Spirit, Jesus having Authority over such things.


1 Corinthians 12:4 KJV

“Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit."


We need to Understand this Distinction in Our Lives, for each has Their Own Part concerning Our Lives. For The Father Loves His Creation so much that He, He, He, The Father, SENT HIS, HIS, HIS Son to be Our Punishment For OUR Sin!!!


John 3:16-18 KJV

"16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God."


Now for the Plus One.


When we Walk In Obedience we Become One with The Godhead, The Father, Jesus and The Holy Spirit. When we truly give Our Lives to Jesus as Savior and Lord, then we become One with the Godhead, even as they are and should be in every part of Our Lives.


When we Walk in Obedience, then we Love Jesus, The Father who sent Him and The Holy Spirit that keeps us, teaches us, guides us. When Walking in Obedience then Jesus and The Father will come, together to us, with The Holy Spirit, making Trinity Plus One…


John 14:23 KJV

“Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him."


Now, we being the Plus One, Walking IN Obedience, can Ask Jesus for our Needs, NOT Our Greed’s, but those things that pertain to His Will and Jesus will Supply.


John 14:12-15 KJV

"12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater [works] than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father. 13 And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do [it]. 15 If ye love me, keep my commandments."


 Understand this, that The Godhead wants us to be One With Them, that The Four will be One In All Things. That we Seek Not Our Will’s in this World, but only Seek The Will of The Godhead, making Us One.


We need to Understand these Distinctions, as well of Whom You Call Lord. Which is another teaching in itself. The World is moving to a Non-Binary God, both Male and Female being one in the same, we, Brothers and Sisters can not fall into this trap. The Godhead is Male, Masculinity, this is a fact and will never be changed. Our World is getting farther and farther from The Truth and are making up their own Reality on a Day-By-Day bases.  We need to be aware of whom We Serve, the Distinction, so that we may be Distinct From The World!



Amen and Amen!!!


Email: godsonlyfoundation@gmail.com

Website: ApostleLee.com

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We Are Called To Love One Another!

☀️ Good morning!

May your day be filled with the love and joy that comes from knowing and trusting in God. Remember, with Him all things are possible. Have a blessed day!


"Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It does not dishonor others, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs." - Bible Verse 1 Corinthians 13:4-5


As Christians, we are called to love one another, just as God loves us. In today's verse, we are given a clear picture of what love should look like. Love is not just an emotion, but it is also an action that we need to choose daily.

Love is patient, even when we don't feel like it. Love is kind, even when we are hurt or wronged. It does not envy or boast, but instead, it rejoices in the success of others. Love does not dishonor others or seek to only serve oneself. It is not easily angered and it does not keep a record of wrongs.

Let us strive to show love to those around us in the same way that God has shown love to us. Let us choose to be patient, kind, humble, and selfless. May we reflect God's love in our words and actions today and always.

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Prayer of the Day

Dear God,

Thank You for the perfect example of love that You have shown us through Your son Jesus Christ. Help us to love one another in the same way that You love us. Give us patience and kindness, and help us to avoid envy, pride, and selfishness. Fill our hearts with Your love and guide us to reflect that love in our daily lives.

In Jesus' name we pray, amen.


Quote of the Day

"Love is not just an emotion. It's a choice we make every day."

— Gary Chapman


Worship Song of the Day

"Reckless Love" by Cory Asbury

This beautiful worship song speaks about the overwhelming, never-ending, and reckless love of God. As you listen to the heartfelt lyrics, be reminded of the incredible love and grace that God has for each and every one of us.

YouTube Video


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Are You Called And Chosen By God?

11150557098?profile=RESIZE_710xThe Apostle Peter wrote an encouragement to those who are called and chosen by God. He said that those people must prove that they are among God's called and chosen. Who are these people and who do they have to prove it to? Click on today's post to read all about it. #2Peter #BibleStudy #Devotions


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Acidic etching solution is generally suitable for the inner circuit pattern production of multilayer printed boards. Compared with the FeCl3 etching method, the acidic CuCl2 etching method in the etching machine has a larger amount of molten copper, and the etching speed is easy to control. The etching solution is easy to regenerate and recycle. , less environmental pollution, the same scope of application to the resist layer.

The acidic CuCl2 etching solution is mainly composed of CuCl2, NaCl, HCL and so on. In this etching solution, because Cu2+ in CuCl2 is oxidizing, the copper on the surface of the part is oxidized to Cu+ in the Xinhengli vacuum etching machine, and Cu+ and Cl- combine to form Cu2Cl2. The chemical equation is: Cu+CuCl2= Cu2Cl2. The generated Cu2Cl2 is insoluble in water. In the presence of excess Cl-, this water-insoluble Cu2Cl2 and excess Cl- form complex ions to detach from the surface of the etched copper to complete the etching process. The chemical equation is: Cu2Cl2+4Cl-=2[CuCl3]2-

With more and more Cu+ in the etching machine, the etching ability will decrease rapidly, and eventually lose the etching ability. In order to ensure the corrosion ability of the etching solution, the etching solution can be regenerated in various ways to oxidize Cu+ into Cu2+. For the specific formula of the etching solution, please contact: 0757-86677701.

Effect of Cl- concentration in etching solution on etching rate: In acidic CuCl2 etching solution, both Cu2+ and Cu+ exist in Xinhengli etching machine in the state of complex ions. Copper is a friendly complex former due to its incomplete d-orbital electron shell. In general, four coordination bonds can be formed. When the etching solution in the etching machine contains a large amount of Cu-, Cu2+ exists in the form of copper tetrachloride ([CuCl4]2-), and Cu+ exists in the form of copper trichloride ([CuCl3]2-). Therefore, during the working process of the etching machine, the configuration and regeneration of the etching solution require a large amount of Cl- to participate in the reaction. At the same time, the concentration of Cl- also has a direct relationship with the etching speed, and the high concentration of Cl- is conducive to the formation of various copper complex ions, which accelerates the etching process.

The reason why adding Cl- can increase the etching rate is that when the etching reaction of copper occurs in the CuCl2 solution, the generated Cu2Cl2 is not easily soluble in water, and a layer of CuCl film is formed on the surface of the copper, which can prevent the further progress of the etching process. conduct. At this time, excess Cl- can complex with Cu2Cl2 to form soluble [CuCl3]2-, which dissolves from the surface of copper, thereby increasing the corrosion rate of Xinhengli etching machine.

Effect of temperature on etching process rate: As the temperature of the chemical solution in the etching machine increases, the etching rate increases. However, too high temperature will cause excessive volatilization of hydrochloric acid, resulting in an imbalance in the proportion of etching solution components, and too high temperature will damage the resist layer. Through many years of practical experience of Xinhengli, the temperature is controlled at 40 ℃~ 52°C is suitable.

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Black iron fittings come in a variety of types and configurations, each designed for specific purposes and applications. By understanding the different types of black iron fittings, you can choose the appropriate fitting for your plumbing or industrial needs. Here are some common types of black iron fittings and their uses:


Black Iron Elbows: Elbows are fittings that allow for directional changes in plumbing or piping systems. Black iron elbows are available in different angles, such as 45 degrees or 90 degrees. They are commonly used to redirect flow around obstacles, create bends, or connect pipes at corners.


Black Iron Tees: Tees are fittings that have a T-shaped design, allowing for the connection of three pipes at a 90-degree angle. Black iron tees are used to create branch connections in plumbing systems, where a single pipe splits into two separate pipes. They are often used in industrial applications, water supply systems, or for creating intersections in pipelines.


Black Iron Couplings: Couplings are fittings used to connect two pipes of the same diameter in a straight line. Black iron couplings are threaded on both ends, allowing for easy installation and removal. They are commonly used to join pipes together or extend the length of a pipe in plumbing systems.


Black Iron Unions: Unions are fittings that provide a removable connection between two pipes. They consist of three parts: a nut, a female end, and a male end. Black iron unions are used in applications where periodic disconnection and reconnection of pipes are required for maintenance or repairs.


Black Iron Caps and Plugs: Caps and plugs are fittings used to close off the ends of pipes. Black iron caps have female threads and are used to seal the end of a pipe permanently, while plugs have male threads and can be removed or inserted as needed. Caps and plugs help to prevent the flow of fluids or gases and protect the integrity of the system.


Black Iron Bushings: Bushings are fittings used to connect pipes of different sizes. They have a threaded female end and a threaded male end of different diameters. Black iron bushings are used when the size of the pipe needs to be reduced or increased, allowing for a smooth transition between different pipe sizes.


Black Iron Reducers: Reducers are fittings used to connect pipes of different diameters. They have one end larger than the other, allowing for a reduction in pipe size. Black iron reducers are commonly used to adapt to different pipe sizes and facilitate the smooth flow of fluids or gases in plumbing systems.


Black Iron Crosses: Crosses are fittings that allow for the connection of four pipes at right angles. They have a plus (+) shape and provide multiple branching connections in plumbing or piping systems. Black iron crosses are used when multiple pipe lines need to intersect or split into different directions.


Black Iron Nipples: Nipples are short lengths of pipe with male threads on both ends. They are used to connect two female-threaded fittings or extend the length of a threaded pipe connection. Black iron nipples are commonly used in plumbing systems or for creating extensions in industrial piping.


It's important to note that these are just a few examples of the types of black iron fittings available. Other specialized fittings, such as crosses, valves, reducers, and more, are also commonly used in specific applications. Understanding the different types of black iron fittings and their uses will help you select the right fitting for your specific plumbing or industrial needs.

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The Great Pearl

Greetings in The Mighty Name of Jesus, The Christ!!!


The Great Pearl



Matthew 13:45-46 KJV

45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls: 46 Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it."


Brothers and Sisters, many times has these verse implied that it is Jesus seeking us as the Pearl, but let us turn this in another direction. Jesus is the Great Pearl that we have found through the Grace and Mercy of The Father and the Love Jesus has for His Father. When we come to Accepting Jesus, we must give of ourselves completely in submission to Jesus As Savior and Lord over our lives!


There is nothing that can be compared to Jesus that is in this world, for He is One Of A Kind. Just as the merchant sold All That He Had to buy just this One Great Pearl, so must we Give Our Lives in such a manner. For we are all Debtors that can never repay the price that Jesus Gave to allow us to be Saved By His Grace and Mercy, given of The Father.


Jesus says that we Must seek Him as the Widow that lost one of her coins…


Luke 15:8-10 KJV

"8 Either what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she find [it]? 9 And when she hath found [it], she calleth [her] friends and [her] neighbours together, saying, Rejoice with me; for I have found the piece which I had lost. 10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth."


To all of the things that are on this earth that We Find as Good, Precious, Valuable is in No Comparison to the Value Of Jesus. There is No Object, No Job, No Amount of Money, No Friend, No Family Member that can Compare to Jesus! In our acceptance of Jesus as Savior, then we should have been taught the First and Greatest Commandment, that is, to Love Jesus in the Entirety Of Our Lives!!!


Deuteronomy 6:4-5 KJV

"4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God [is] one LORD: 5 And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might."


Matthew 22:37-38 KJV

"37  Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment."


Mark 12:29-30 KJV

"29 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: 30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this [is] the first commandment."


Luke 10:27 KJV

“And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself."


Too many forget the First Commandment but remember the Second Command with Pride…


Matthew 22:39 KJV

“And the second [is] like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself."


Too many will bend over backwards to fulfill the Second Commandment, not realizing they have left Their First Love. Too many trade there places and say that they do the things they do for the Love Of Jesus, but see this is incorrect thinking, wrong teaching. Jesus, is equal to The Father in All Ways, demands that He comes First before anything else in Your Life, even before the Lost, the Needy, the Broken Hearted, the Sick and anything else that You would put First!


Exodus 20:3-5 KJV

"3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the water under the earth: 5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;"


 Do not think that I am ignorant, for yes these verses deal with the Idol Worship that they had been exposed to in Egypt, but there are some points that need to be extracted about Jesus. First, we should have No Other Gods, which includes anything that we put First in our lives that is upon this earth, we are Not to Bow Down, be in Controlled Of, by these things. Second thing that has Not Changed is, Jesus is a Jealous God. He wants you all to Himself and Jesus to All Of Your Self in All Things. How do we know this?


Hebrews 13:8 KJV

“Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever."


John 10:30 KJV

“I and [my] Father are one."


Jesus should be The Great Pearl in Your Life. He should be The First Thing you think of when you wake up and the Last Thing you think of at the end of your day. Jesus should be in Your Thoughts throughout your day in all that you do or say. Jesus should be the First and Last of everything that touches your life.


How far is this to go one might ponder? Jesus says that if we Find Our Life here on earth, then when all is said and done at the Judgment Seat, we will Lose Our Lives.


Matthew 10:39 KJV

“He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it."


Matthew 16:25 KJV

“For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it."


We are to be in a Continual State of Desire For Jesus and His Ways. We Must Love Jesus enough to Change from the Inside Out, that is, without Works, it begins in The Heart, The Mind, The Soul and is Manifested in Our Strength. Jesus wants the Complete You, but it Must start with making Jesus The Great Pearl Of Your Life!

 1 Chronicles 16:11 KJV

“Seek the LORD and his strength, seek his face continually."


 Psalm 105:3 KJV

“Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD."

  Hebrews 11:6 KJV


“But without faith [it is] impossible to please [him]: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and [that] he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him."


 Jesus will Not Accept being Second Place to anything or anyone, He Expects us to PUT Him First in All Things. What does this mean? It means that no matter what I Do or Say My First Action, My First Thought is Jesus. No matter the situation, how good or bad it is, Jesus has to be First!!!


Jesus is the Greatest Pearl that we can purchase and the purchasing is the Price Of Your Life and Jesus is Expecting Full Price, anything less is Not Acceptable!!!


We can go to a church (denomination) and Not Be The Church. We can help a million people and Not Be The Church. We can sing a million songs and Not Be The Church. Being The Church Requires Jesus to be First, which means Obedience To His Word and The Holy Spirit MUST be First after the Purchasing Price. The Scriptures tells us that we Must First Love The Lord with All of our Minds, All of our Soul, All of our Hearts these are all Internal and then to Love The Lord with All Of Our Strength in Walking Out His Word through The Power and Authority Of The Holy Spirit.


Many of you need to Put Jesus on the Throne once again, to make Him Your First Love. It begins with Repentance, asking for Forgiveness for Not Making Jesus the Greatest Pearl Of YOUR LIFE! That you have made Him second place!! To make Jesus Your Greatest Pearl, you Must Surrender All Of Your Will, Desires to Him, even when Darkness may be surrounding you, Jesus has to be First!!!


The Pearl Of Great Price,

Is Jesus!!!



Amen and Amen!!!


Email: godsonlyfoundation@gmail.com

Website: ApostleLee.com

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A Warning In The Bible From Peter

11129711059?profile=RESIZE_710x2 Peter 3, began and ended with warnings to all his readers. That includes us as well. Because just like back in his day, people still try to dilute and twist God’s Word. Peter also wrote about God's patience. Click on the link below to read about it. #2Peter #BibleStudy #Devotions #Discipleship


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By 2024, the performance of Chinese autonomous smart cars will match that of Tesla at the end of 2022 and early 2023, say Chinese industry experts. But while the commercial prospects for autonomous vehicles are promising, the road leading to them is bumpy as automakers are still in search of effective, affordable technology solutions.
Visitors at the 20th Shanghai International Automobile Industry Exhibition in Shanghai, China, on 18 April 2023. (Hector Retamal/AFP)

(By Caixin journalists An Limin and Bonnie Cao)


After years of debates and trials of different technological paths to autonomous driving, Chinese smart-car makers have gradually steered toward the methods proven by Tesla Inc. and are gearing up for a race against the industry giant.

By 2024, the performance of Chinese autonomous smart cars will match that of Tesla at the end of 2022 and early 2023, said Li Auto CEO Li Xiang. 

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) defines six levels of driving automation ranging from 0 for fully manual to 5 for fully autonomous. Global automakers are now racing to reach Level 4, which enables vehicles to operate without human intervention under most circumstances.

The commercial prospects for autonomous vehicles are promising, but the road leading to them is bumpy as automakers are still in search of effective, affordable technology solutions.

“To many customers, assisted driving features may not be as attractive as leather seats,” said Ai Rui, vice-president at Haomo.AI Technology, a Beijing-based autonomous driving startup, referring the current limits of the technology.

The next step toward full autonomy will be to enable automated driving on urban streets in the presence of a driver...

A Tesla Model 3 vehicle is shown using the Autopilot Full Self Driving Beta software (FSD) while navigating a city road in Encinitas, California, US, 28 February 2023. (Mike Blake/Reuters)


The next step toward full autonomy will be to enable automated driving on urban streets in the presence of a driver, which may become a turning point for consumers to directly understand autonomous technology, industry analysts said.

Driving on city streets with an urban assistance system will provide a completely different experience for consumers, Li said in March.

Tesla is a pioneer in autonomous driving with its “Autopilot” mode. It started in 2020 with the development of a Level 2 system that works on city streets. Tesla said about 400,000 car owners in the US and Canada had access to test versions of the system as of the end of 2022.

Chinese companies have placed their bets on lidar technology and high-precision maps to detect and forecast road conditions... 

Most autonomous driving systems deploy a full suite of sensors that include cameras, lidar — laser-based sensors — and radar. Chinese companies have placed their bets on lidar technology and high-precision maps to detect and forecast road conditions. In 2020, XPeng said it would implement lidar technology in its autonomous vehicles, and it later acquired a high-precision mapping company.

In contrast, Tesla has pursued a vision-only approach based on cameras and neural network processing. It achieved positive results while other companies have been struggling to show value in their assisted driving capabilities. Lidar and high-precision maps require high investment, making them increasingly difficult to develop amid a slowing market.

Visitors check a Tesla Model 3 car next to a Model Y displayed at a showroom of the US electric vehicle (EV) maker in Beijing, China, 4 February 2023. (Florence Lo/File Photo/Reuters)

Visitors check a Tesla Model 3 car next to a Model Y displayed at a showroom of the US electric vehicle (EV) maker in Beijing, China, 4 February 2023. (Florence Lo/File Photo/Reuters)


Since 2023, carmakers have fallen into a fierce price war as supply has outpaced demand. After Tesla cut prices earlier this year, most autonomous vehicle companies quickly followed suit.

Going mapless

XPeng said it will deploy its automotive driver assistance systems for urban roads without high-definition maps across China during the second half of 2023. Li Auto said at the Shanghai International Automobile Industry Exhibition last week that its latest autonomous driving model will be able to function without high-precision maps. Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. and Horizon Robotics, a Chinese chipmaker and partner of Volkswagen AG, both signalled last month that they will release similar products.

It’s costly in terms of time and money to develop high-precision maps. They require scanning and mapping by specialised vehicles equipped with various sensors, a technician from an autonomous car startup told Caixin. The average cost is 1,000 RMB (US$144.37) per kilometre, and the maps need continuous maintenance to keep up with actual changes of road conditions.

“We have spent so much time, and we haven’t even finished mapping all the small streets in Shanghai,” said Richard Yu, consumer and auto division head of Huawei. He observed that it would be prohibitive to make nationwide maps.

Legal and regulatory requirements also hinder the development of high-precision maps as only qualified companies can do the mapping. The regulatory approval for each update due to road changes is often long and complex, XPeng chairman He Xiaopeng said.

An XPeng Inc. G9 electric vehicle at the Shanghai Auto Show in Shanghai, China, on 24 April 2023. (Qilai Shen/Bloomberg)

An XPeng Inc. G9 electric vehicle at the Shanghai Auto Show in Shanghai, China, on 24 April 2023. (Qilai Shen/Bloomberg)


An increasing number of companies are shifting toward Tesla’s camera-based approach to identify and differentiate between objects. The data collected can also be used for simulation training, to test the system’s response capabilities under rare accident scenarios. It will reduce the cost of training to 1% of what it is now if companies can simulate such scenarios, according to Haomo’s Ai.

Pure vision

There are split views over lidar. Li Auto’s high-end car models are equipped with lidar sensors from Hesai Group, while Nio Inc. uses devices made by Suzhou-based Innovusion Holdings Ltd. 

Car companies use lidar as a selling point, just as new cell phones and computers emphasise chip processor and camera performance, a product manager from a car company said. Consumers think cars with lidar sensors look “very high-tech”, according to market surveys.

Lidar sensors are both applauded and hated in the industry. They don’t require daylight to work, whereas cameras do. Lidar can calculate accurate distances to many objects that are simultaneously detected. But its high cost puts many companies off. In a car, the price of a single lidar sensor is almost equal to the sum of all other sensors combined, said Zhang Lichen, a department head of lidar startup Tanway Technology.

Lidar makers have cut prices sharply to win more orders. Chinese lidar maker Hesai slashed the price of its devices from about $17,400 in 2019 to $3,100 in 2022.

The company’s gross margin fell to 30% in the fourth quarter, from 44% in the first three quarters of last year. It posted a net loss of 300.8 million RMB in 2022.

With improvements to Tesla’s pure vision approach, more analysts are pessimistic about the outlook for lidar. One industry professional said he thought the next step in the industry’s development will be to drop lidar and move toward a purely visual approach.

It takes more than high-precision maps and lidar to match Tesla’s pure vision approach, which is not a shortcut and is more difficult.

A Li L7 electric SUV by Li Auto is displayed at the Auto Shanghai show, in Shanghai, China, 18 April 2023. (Aly Song/Reuters)

A Li L7 electric SUV by Li Auto is displayed at the Auto Shanghai show, in Shanghai, China, 18 April 2023. (Aly Song/Reuters)


Some still see a future for lidar. When it comes to Level 4 autonomous driving, the requirements for system safety redundancy are higher, and lidar may be indispensable. However, at the assisted driving stage, the high cost of lidar may well be a hindrance, Haomo’s Ai said.

Wu Xinzhou, XPeng’s vice-president in charge of autonomous driving, said in March that urban traffic scenarios are complex, and lidar serves as a basic safety net. As visual capabilities improve, companies and the industry are exploring whether lidar will still have a role to play in future assisted driving or high-level autonomous driving, Wu said.

Computing capacity

It takes more than high-precision maps and lidar to match Tesla’s pure vision approach, which is not a shortcut and is more difficult. It means that the system has to process a lot of video data both on vehicle and in the cloud.

Tesla uses its self-developed chips and doesn’t use lidar, lowering the costs of its autonomous vehicles. The company has sold more than 4 million cars, making it hard for rivals to match the massive volume of data it has accumulated.

Tesla also tries to automate a lot of the labelling, meaning that the images collected are tagged with information such as vehicles, lanes, street signs and other categories. Manually tagging 500,000 to 1 million video clips would require 2,000 people working for a year, according to XPeng’s Wu.

Chinese companies have realised the importance of car-based computing power. Nvidia Corp. said on 21 March that China’s largest electric-vehicle maker, BYD Co. Ltd., will equip its next-generation Dynasty and Ocean models with the US chipmaking powerhouse’s Nvidia Drive Orin system-on-a-chip, which can power artificial intelligence cockpits and automated driving functions.

Among other Chinese carmakers, Nio installed four Drive Orin chips capable of more than 1,000 trillion operations per second (TOPS) of computing power in some of its high-end models, while Li Auto and XPeng are using two such chips with 500 TOPS.

... the actual user experience is falling short due to the poor functioning of the driver assistance system, experts say.

People visit at the Nio booth at the Auto Shanghai show, in Shanghai, China, 19 April 2023. (Aly Song/Reuters)

People visit at the Nio booth at the Auto Shanghai show, in Shanghai, China, 19 April 2023. (Aly Song/Reuters)


Consumer expectations have been boosted by expensive hardware and fancy computing power, but the actual user experience is falling short due to the poor functioning of the driver assistance system, experts say. A 2023 McKinsey survey found that electric vehicle consumers are most concerned about battery range and charging time, followed by driving performance, operating costs and other metrics. Autonomous driving functions rank ninth.

In 2022, major Chinese smart-car makers all failed to reach their annual sales targets. As the auto market weakens further in 2023, Chinese car companies are starting to learn how Tesla balances cost and functionality. It takes time to lower the cost of good-quality hardware, but Chinese companies should speed it up as much as they can, according to a veteran on autonomous driving algorithms.

Many leading Chinese companies started to develop chips on their own, Caixin learned. XPeng, Haomo.AI and Geely have announced plans to build supercomputing centres.

The roadmap of Tesla’s autonomous driving technology is not a secret, but Chinese automakers seem to have gone around in circles before figuring out the direction they are heading in, Haomo’s Ai said.

This article was first published by Caixin Global as "In Depth: Chinese Smart-Car Makers Get Into Tesla’s Lane". Caixin Global is one of the most respected sources for macroeconomic, financial and business news and information about China.

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How to Select LCD Digital Signage?

In today's fast-paced world, the need for quick and effective communication has become more important than ever before. The digital age has brought about a revolution in the way we communicate, with the use of digital signage becoming increasingly popular. One of the most popular types of digital signage is the LCD digital signage.

LCD digital signage is a type of electronic display that uses liquid crystal technology to display content. It is commonly used for advertising, information dissemination, and brand promotion. LCD digital signage displays can range from small handheld devices to large display screens in public spaces such as airports, train stations, shopping malls, and other public areas.
Why use LCD digital signage?
LCD digital signage offers several benefits over traditional signage methods such as posters and billboards. These benefits include:
Dynamic Content: With LCD digital signage, you can easily update and change the content displayed on the screen. This means that you can create more dynamic and engaging content that captures the attention of your target audience.
Cost-effective: Compared to traditional signage methods, LCD digital signage is more cost-effective in the long run. You don't have to keep reprinting posters or billboards, and you can update the content on the screen without having to pay for new signage.
Eco-friendly: LCD digital signage is more environmentally friendly than traditional signage methods. Since you don't have to keep reprinting posters or billboards, there is less paper waste. Additionally, LCD digital signage uses less energy than traditional signage methods, which makes it a more sustainable option.
Analytics: With LCD digital signage, you can track the effectiveness of your advertising campaigns. You can monitor how many people are viewing your content, how long they are viewing it, and what actions they take after viewing your content.
LCD digital signage sizes
LCD digital signage is a popular tool used for advertising, information display and other purposes in a variety of environments including retail stores, airports, hotels and public transportation stops. Digital signage screens come in a variety of sizes, and choosing the right size depends on intended use, available space, and budget. Here are some commonly used LCD digital signage sizes.
Small digital signage:
Small digital signage screens typically range in size from 15 to 27 inches. They are suitable for spaces with limited space and for displaying basic information such as prices, menus and schedules. They are also frequently used in healthcare facilities to display patient information, and in public transportation to display arrival and departure times.
Medium-sized digital signage:
Medium-sized digital signage screens range in size from 32 to 55 inches. They are the most commonly used size for digital signage and are suitable for a variety of environments including retail stores, hotels and restaurants. They are great for displaying promotional content, advertisements, and other types of information. Medium-sized digital signage screens can be freestanding or mounted on walls or ceilings.
Large digital signage:
Large digital signage screens range in size from 60 inches to 90 inches. It is suitable for large spaces such as stadiums, airports, and shopping malls. They are ideal for displaying high-quality, high-resolution content such as video, animation, and graphics. Large digital signage screens are often used for advertising, wayfinding and branding purposes.
LCD Video wall:
A video wall consists of multiple screens of any size arranged in a grid or mosaic pattern to create a larger display. They are used to create visually stunning displays in large spaces such as shopping malls, conference rooms and museums. Video walls can consist of screens of different sizes and are ideal for displaying immersive content such as video presentations and interactive exhibits.
Choosing the appropriate LCD digital signage size depends on the application, available space and budget. Small digital signage screens are suitable for displaying basic information, while medium and large screens are suitable for advertising and branding. Video walls are used to create immersive displays in large spaces. By understanding the size differences, you can choose the digital signage size that best suits your needs.
LCD digital signage Applications
LCD digital signage can be used in a variety of settings and applications, including:
Advertising: LCD digital signage is commonly used for advertising in public spaces such as shopping malls, airports, train stations, and other high-traffic areas.
Single Sided High Brightness window facing displaysShopping Mall Outdoor Digital Signage
                                                             LCD Digital Signage for Advertising
Information dissemination: LCD digital signage can be used to provide information such as weather updates, news, and event schedules.
Brand promotion: LCD digital signage can be used to promote brands and products in retail stores, showrooms, and other public spaces.
Wayfinding: LCD digital signage can be used to guide people through complex spaces such as airports, hospitals, and university campuses.
Wayfinding Outdoor Kiosk Wayfinding Outdoor 4000nits displaysOutdoor Wayfinding Kiosk
                                                         Wayfinding Outdoor Kiosk
How to Choose LCD Digital Signage

When it comes to selecting an LCD digital signage, there are several factors that one must consider to ensure the best possible outcome. Here are some key points to keep in mind:
Purpose: Determine the purpose of the signage. Is it for advertising or information purposes? What type of content will be displayed? Understanding the purpose of the signage will help you choose the appropriate size, resolution, and features.
Size: Consider the viewing distance and location of the signage. A larger screen may be required for a larger space or a greater viewing distance. However, if the signage will be viewed up close, a smaller screen may suffice.
Resolution: The resolution of the screen is an important factor to consider. A higher resolution will result in better picture quality and sharper text. However, a higher resolution also means a higher cost. Determine the optimal resolution based on the purpose of the signage and budget.
Connectivity: The ability to connect to different devices and platforms is important for versatility and convenience. Consider the types of devices and platforms that will be used to manage and display content on the signage, and ensure that the signage has the appropriate connectivity options.
Durability: The durability of the signage is important, especially if it will be placed in a high-traffic area or exposed to harsh weather conditions. Consider the level of protection offered by the signage against scratches, dust, and water.
Energy efficiency: Look for energy-efficient options to save on power consumption and operating costs. Consider the energy efficiency ratings and features such as automatic brightness adjustment and sleep mode.
Brand reputation and support: Finally, choose a reputable brand with good customer support. This will ensure that any technical issues or problems are addressed quickly and efficiently.
In summary, selecting an LCD digital signage requires careful consideration of the purpose, size, resolution, connectivity, durability, energy efficiency, and brand reputation and support. With careful planning and execution, digital signage can effectively capture the attention of target audiences and enhance the overall customer and guest experience.
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Development Trend of Automotive Parts Molds

The automotive industry is constantly evolving, with advancements in technology and design driving the demand for innovative automotive components. Auto parts molds have played a pivotal role in the automotive manufacturing revolution. The following is mainly about auto plastic parts molds, its significance in the automotive industry, the manufacturing process and its impact on vehicle performance and safety.
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Hall effect sensors in electric vehicles (EVs). From determining the position of steering wheels, pedals and seats to setting various valves, knobs and actuators, position sensors have a wide range of applications and are a common feature in modern cars. Traditionally, Hall effect sensors have been used for this purpose because they have many advantages, including high reliability (as they work without physical contact) and high speed operation.
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Medium voltage switchgear

Medium voltage switchgear plays a crucial role in the electrical power distribution system by controlling and protecting electrical equipment operating at medium voltage levels. It acts as a link between the power generation and consumption, ensuring the reliable and efficient distribution of electricity. This article aims to provide an overview of medium voltage switchgear, its components, and its significance in maintaining a safe and stable electrical infrastructure.
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Medium voltage switchgear

Medium voltage switchgear plays a crucial role in the electrical power distribution system by controlling and protecting electrical equipment operating at medium voltage levels. It acts as a link between the power generation and consumption, ensuring the reliable and efficient distribution of electricity. This article aims to provide an overview of medium voltage switchgear, its components, and its significance in maintaining a safe and stable electrical infrastructure.
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